Accessories are the hardware on the joinery (window and/or door) that enable the sash to be opened and closed, to move left and right or back and forth, as well as all other complementary (anchors, various wedges) required for the assembly of the joinery and facade systems to the
structure as a whole. , gasket, wick, rail, adapter, stopper, sealing parts etc.) is the general name given to the materials.
Curtain Wall Accessories
Dowels (Also called Consumables)
Gaskets and Wicks
Joining and Ending Elements
Pop-up System Accessories
Door Closers (Door Hydraulic)
Door and Window Handles
Lock and Lock Strikers
Single and Double Opening (Espagnolette) Mechanisms
Pivot Opening Mechanisms
Fire Escape Systems (Panic Bars)
Electronic Opening Systems
Sliding-Sliding and Folding System Accessories
Sliding Recessed Handles
Simple Sliding Accessories
Lift-Slide (HBSB) Opening Mechanisms
Parallel Sliding (Pull-Drive/Volkswagen) Opening Mechanisms
Guillotine System Mechanisms
Rails and Bearings
Electronic Opening Systems
Unopenable frame, fixed frame. It can be used alone next to, between, and above pop-up windows and in places that do not require ventilation.
Vertical Edge Axis Systems
Inward Opening Single Axis (Winged) Window or Door (Casement (Turn, Side Hung) Window or Door)
It can be produced as inward opening or outward opening when desired. The aluminum profiles that make up the outward opening aluminum windows are different. Therefore, the selection of inward expansion / outward expansion must be made beforehand. In single-axis windows, the pivot axis that the hinges provide movement is one of the 2 side edges. Double sash windows are also included in the casement windows group. Although transom (and transom) windows are also uniaxial, they are not classified in the group of uniaxial windows as they are generally used for different purposes.
Outward Opening Single Axis (Winged) Window or Door
Since the wing of the window or door opens outward and is more exposed to external weather conditions, attention should be paid to the quality and periodic maintenance of the accessories used.
Tilt and Turn Window
A type of window that can be opened both on the side edge axis and on the lower edge axis when the handle is pulled down by turning it up, thanks to the accessory with double opening mechanism.
It is a very popular type of opening, especially in Germany. It can be used with a fixed window next to it, on the first opening sash of a double sash window, or in combination with other ways.
Double Casement Window, 2-Leaf Side-Hung
In double wing windows, both wings can be opened. When both wings are opened, you will not see a recording in the middle. Because 1 wing closes on the other wing. This type of windows usually has 1 wing double opening, that is, it can be opened as a transom. If this is the case, whichever wing can be opened first, that wing will be double opening. The user decides whether the double opening wing, in other words the wing to be opened first, is on the right or left side.
Double Sash Tilt-Turn Frame (Tilt-Turn Frame, 2 Leaf Windows)
In double wing windows, the first opening wing is often double opening. Since it does not make sense to open the transom of the second wing when the first wing is open, only the first wing is double-opening.
In cases where there is a strut that you can see when opened between 2 sashes, the window is not called double sash opening. It is mostly described as 2 casement windows. In this case, double opening of both wings can be achieved by using the double opening mechanism.
Concealed Sash Window Concealed Opening/Hidden Went)
In hidden sash windows, the frame profile hides the tab that holds the glass on the sash, and when viewed from the outside, the sash profile is not visible, so it is not understood that it is a opening window. What is implied here is that the wing is not clear when it is in the closed position. In addition to the inward opening single axis windows, double opening windows can also be made with hidden sash.
Horizontal Edge Axis Systems
Transom and transom windows are actually hinged from the side and can be called casement windows. However, “casement window” is mostly used to describe side-hinged windows.
The English term “side hung window” is also used to describe side-hung windows. The term “bottom hung window” can also be used when it is hinged from the bottom or “top hung window” when it is hinged from the top. Likewise, window types can be expressed with terms such as “top swing window”, “bottom swing window”, “side swing window” by using the term swing instead of hung. In this case, too, we need to understand edge-hinged systems. Obviously, transom is also a kind of casement window, and their different nomenclatures differ not because they are technically very different, but because their places of use are not the same.
Transom Opening Window (Bottom Hung (Tilt) Opening Window)
Transom windows appear in practice as double-opening windows rather than stand-alone windows. Another common application is as small ventilation windows above windows.
In the transom window, the axis is the bottom edge. It is generally used as inward opening for ventilation and security purposes. They are not applied to the outside as they can let the rain in. Tilt-opening windows are described as “windows that can be opened in a transom (winged)”. However, a window can only open from a transom.
Top Hung Opening Window
In an inverted transom window, the axis is the upper edge. Inverted transom windows do not have to open outwards, but in practice it is highly undesirable for them to open inwards. Therefore, we can actually look at transom windows as transom windows that open outwards. Scissor façade opening windows are of this type. It can only be cleaned from the outside.
These windows can be preferred because they are suitable for staying open even in light rain conditions.
Top Hung Roof Window
A type of inverted transom window used on roofs. We do not see the Turkish language very often, but the English language is used frequently as it is a preferred window type abroad.
Opened and fixed windows on roofs for lighting and ventilation are called skylights.
Mid-Edge Axis Systems
Pivot Window and Door
In pivot opening windows and doors, the axis is not in one of the sides, but in the middle of the side edges or the lower and upper edges. If the pivot is vertical, it is called a vertical pivot, and if it is horizontal, it is called a horizontal pivot.
Sliding and Folding Joinery
Guillotine Window (Vertical Sliding Window) (Vertical Slider (Sash Window), Single Hung / Double Hung)
It is the most preferred type of opening in America. The fact that double opening windows can be wiped more easily than this type of windows and they provide better thermal insulation can be considered as a disadvantage of guillotine windows. However, it may be necessary depending on the location.
Simple-Vela Sliding (Horizontal Sliding)
It is a simple sliding system in which bristle wicks (brush seal) are used. It can be applied on single rail or multi rail. Brush gasket, that is, bristle wick, can never provide insulation as well as EPDM gasket. EPDM seals cannot be used in these slides, because you cannot move the wing to the side when the EPDMs kiss with the plastic or metal frame. That’s why bristle wicks are used and therefore water, sound and heat insulation is worse than other coatings.
Tilt and Slide Windows and Doors
Also known as Volkswagen riding. It can be used on both windows and doors. Compared to simple sliding, parallel sliding provides better heat, sound and water insulation.
Lift and Slide Doors
Since the Lift-Slide opening mechanism was first introduced in Turkey by German accessory companies, the name Hebe-Schiebe, which means Lift-Slide in German, is widely used to describe these doors. Lift-and-slide systems are only used on doors. It provides a rigid locking and easy sliding on heavy doors. Since the wing is lifted by a special long arm, which is a part of the Hebe-Schiebe accessory, EPDM wicks can be used in these runners instead of the bristle wicks seen in simple spools. By lowering and raising the wing with the arm, you can easily make the EPDM wick kiss with the case, and since full contact is achieved, the thermal insulation can naturally be very good.
Folding (Bi-fold) Window / Door)
It consists of folding doors combined with a door providing direct access. When folded, all the wings gather on one side parallel to each other. It can be made with or without a threshold and the place can be closed when desired and open to the end when desired. Folding windows and doors offer the advantage of providing a high level of openness to the user.
Revolving Door and Swinging Door (Swing Door / Flip Flap Door)
The revolving door stabilizes the traffic flow at the entrances of buildings with heavy foot traffic and aids in climate control. Revolving doors can be applied as two, three or four wings.
There are revolving doors that can be rotated by applying force by hand, as well as photocell revolving doors that stop in contact for security purposes.
The swing door opens both inwards and outwards by means of its special hinge. Since it can be opened by pushing in both directions, it closes by itself and thus provides climate control, it has unique usage areas. The first door that comes to mind for the doors of cooling rooms and some doors in hospitals is the slamming door.
Windows by Shape
Windows are named according to their geometry (shape) as well as their opening types. You can find some of these nomenclatures below.
Gothic windows (Gothic windows)
High window (Clerestory)
High windows allow to benefit from daylight while maintaining privacy.
Cumba comes from the Italian term “gibbo”. The type of window in which 3 frames are inclined, usually side by side. They form an outward projection from the wall of the building.
Curved bay windows (Bow window)
It creates an outward projection from the wall of the building. It is the type of window where at least 4 frames are inclined side by side in a way that resembles an arc. The angle of the windows with each other is around 10 and they give the appearance of an arc. In the picture below, you can see an example of a curved bay window.
It is a type of window that allows air to enter while not allowing direct sunlight and rain.
French windows are floor-to-ceiling high windows, hence a term used to name doors. They can be opened to small balconies, which we call French balconies. The aim is to have the advantage of an inward opening window at door height rather than the usability of the balcony.